Raw materials

Proteins are necessary for cell formation and, therefore, for any body tissue formation such as muscle tissue; for this reason, its inclusion in the diet of sport horses and during breeding is especially important.

Against popular myths, proteins are not related to an excitable behavior.

Amino acids are the basic components of proteins. Some of them can be synthesized by the horse's organism but some others must be provided by the diet; they are called essential amino acids. The diversification of protein sources guarantees the adequate supply of these nutrients.

It is the main and most important vegetable protein source. Its relevance is given by the great richness of essential amino acids (lysine, methionine, threonine, and tryptophan). It provides many of the essential amino acids that horses need, both in its development phase (foals and pregnant or lactating mares) and during its sporting life. In Canterwalk products it appears as granulated roasted soybean.

They are another great protein source, very rich in essential amino acids. This material offers additional unsaturated fatty acids, trace elements and vitamins. It is included in our products as sunflower flour or whole sunflower seed.

In our mueslis the pea appears as flakes to maximize its digestibility. They provide protein, fiber, phosphorus, potassium, thiamine, niacin, folates and vitamin C.

The corn is treated by a steam cooking process, controlled to gelatinize the starch without damaging other nutrients, and then crushed by rollers. It is ideal for initiation feed and high-performance horses, particularly because of its significant increases of starch digestibility.

Extruded corn is the result of exposing corn to a mechanical process consisting of the application of high pressure and temperature for a short period of time (less than 5 seconds). The purpose of this process is reaching the break of cell walls, thus making nutrients more digestible and achieving a greater destruction of antinutritive factors.

Oats is used for its high content of soluble carbohydrates, which provide quick-release energy. Due to its easy absorption in its whole grain form, it does not need any heat treatment to improve its digestibility. It is cleaned by mechanical processes that remove cereal tips so as to facilitate the mastication to the horse and preventing wounds in its mouth.

We use this cereal in two forms. On one hand we have barley flakes: barley goes through a controlled cooking process in order to prevent the damage of its nutrients, and then it is crushed by plain steam rollers to attach starch structure and, therefore, increase its digestibility. The other option consists of submitting barley to a mechanical cleaning process (deburring, aspiration, selection and classification), then milling it and finally obtaining a presentation in grains.

It is submitted to a mechanical cleaning treatment: deburring, aspiration, selection and classification. It provides a high degradability starch and it is very palatable. In addition, it improves pellet consistency.

Excellent slow-release energy source, highly digestible and rich in fatty acids, phospholipids, choline, antioxidants, and vitamin E. It promotes healthy fur and skin.

It represents a quick-release energy source in the form of sugars. Due to its texture, it prevents the appearance of fine particles and, besides, it improves palatability due to its pleasant taste.

It is mainly formed by carbohydrates. It also provides casein, a protein with a great variety of essential amino acids. It is mainly used in foals, although it is also present, after being meticulously dosaged, in muesli feed.

The best ways of supplying fiber will always be grass and/or fodder. Canterwalk uses fibers and super fibers low in lignin, always combining at least three of them.

Fiber represents structural carbohydrates of the plant that, despite meaning a scarce digestibility for the animal, have a crucial mechanical function in the digestion process. They are also a fundamental nourishment source for the microbiome of the horse’s digestive tract, which, at the same time, releases by-products such as fatty acids and vitamins, very useful for the horse. The microbiome is considered by some authors another organ in any living being, so keeping it healthy and balanced is essential for the proper health of horses.

Fibers

They are fundamental carbohydrates in equine diet, as they promote and regulate digestion without being altered.

It constitutes the fibrous husk of wheat grains. It contains vitamins of group B and E. Its high fiber content facilitates and speeds digestion up. It provides a reduced amount of starch.

In addition to being a quality protein source, alfalfa provides a large amount of high digestibility fiber.

Rich in pectins, it is responsible for removing residues and toxins from the body. It is also used as a natural flavoring and a palatability enhancer. We use it in pellets.

Super fibers

More digestible and soluble fibers, such as some hemicelluloses and pectins, which are easier to digest than fodder cellulose and also produce more energy. They are easily fermentable in the caecum by horseˋs microbiota, producing volatile fatty acids which are absorbed by the horse, and they also are a slow-release energy source. Its use allows to limit the starch contribution, avoiding problems such as acidosis or tympanism.

After sugar is extracted from the beet we obtain the pulp, which is a highly digestible fiber source. Its high pectin concentration and the high digestibility of its fibers makes the beet pulp a very important energy supplement in the horseˋs diet.

The soybean husk has a high easily fermentable soluble fiber content, which, like fodder cellulose, provides slow-release energy.

Horses` taste for carrots is well known. Apart from being considered a prize for the horse, they are excellent from a nutritional perspective because of their high content of vitamins and minerals. They provide beta-carotene or pro-vitamin A, vitamin K, vitamins of group B (B1, B2, B3, B6, B, B9) vitamin C and vitamin E, in addition to minerals such as potassium, phosphorus, calcium, and magnesium, among others.

Chicory root has a high inulin content, which generates a prebiotic effect on the intestinal flora, in addition to being an ideal energy source for horses with metabolic syndrome. In the colon bacteria degrade inulin into several biologically active products.

It is rich in omega-3 alpha-linolenic fatty acid (ALA) and also an important precursor of the immune, musculoskeletal and reproductive systems function.

Alltech is an American company, world leader in research and development of nutritional additives. It was the first laboratory in developing additives from live yeast by patenting YEA-SACC 1026. It is the largest producer of organic minerals in the world. It has a highly sophisticated and developed equine department. Alltech was the main sponsor of the World Equestrian Games (WEG) of Kentucky and Normandy.

Canterwalk incorporates in its products technologies developed by Alltech with double functionality:

  • Maximize nutrients digestibility so that horses can increase their sports or productive performance.
  • Produce digestive comfort by reducing the risk of suffering pathologies associated with nutrition and, in the case of farms dedicated to breeding, promote optimal development in growing foals, as well as reduce the risk of developmental disease.
  • Contributes to stabilize the horse’s intestinal flora, helping to prevent colic and improving the digestion of dietary nutrients.
  • Increases the large intestine’s pH, favoring fiber digestion, reducing gas formation and minimizing the risk of colic.
  • Reduces the risk of digestive problems in high starch fodder.
  • Increases milk production in mares.
  • Improves foal’s growth.

Acts in 3 different ways:

  • Secuestra bacterias patógenas del intestino, ayudando a prevenir alteraciones digestivas
  • Increases gene expression related to the epithelium’s digestive integrity (decreases the incidents of porous bowel syndrome). A good digestive epithelium favors nutrient digestion, avoids the entry of bacterial remains which cause inflammation and at the same time can cause discomfort and nervousness in the specimens, and therefore contributes to avoid the appearance of sores and even infosures.
  • Immunomodulator: Increases the activity of the animal’s immune system, both cellular and humeral, and at the same time avoids excessive inflammatory reactions.

By fermentation techniques in solid form (SSF) A fungus that secretes multiple enzymes is achieved, and are capable of degrading the substrate on which they grow. This crop is collected and preserved, so that it contains multiple enzymatic activities, among which amylase activity, beta glucanase, xylanase, fibrinolytic enzymes and also proteolytic stand out. This product, added to the horse’s diet, favors good nutrient digestion in the small intestine, improving nutrient absorption as well as avoiding the arrival of easily fermentable products in the horse’s colon, where it could lead to colic and other digestive problems. Intestinal inflammation has also been seen in other species.

Advantages:

  • Better protein and energy assimilation both fibre and starch.
  • The lower arrival of undigested nutrients in the large intestine (less dysbiosis and colic).
  • Less intestinal inflammation which increases intestinal permeability and thus increasing the horse’s irritability, as well as the possibility of suffering for laminitis.
  • Better absorption of phosphate and other minerals.

Organic supply of chelated micro minerals (iron, zinc, copper and magnesium) in the form of proteinates. This presentation, out of all those authorised, is the most stable and the one which offers the greatest guarantee of achieving good mineral absorption. Given the multiple micro mineral interactions with other dietary elements, it is important to present them joined to stable molecules that are capable of transporting them to their absorption points .If the ligands are weak, they dissociate in the acidic pH of the stomach, being able to later join in the duodenum (neutral pH) to other molecules, forming non absorbable complexes. The micro minerals are crucial for the metabolism and for the horse’s musculoskeletal system, because of which it is vital to ensure good bioavailability.

It is common to combine inorganic and organic sources in micromineral supplements. In Canterwalk, in addition to optimun efficiency organic sources such as Alltech Bioplexes, the proportions between organic and inorganic sources follow the proportions indicated by the TRT program (Total Replacement Technology) developed by the Alltech research department. Consequently, the final proportion of highly available minerals is much higher than average, representing 50% of these microminerals.

The right contribution favors:

  • It prevents the development of Osteodystrophy developmental disease (DOD) in foals.
  • Mantenimiento óptimo de la densidad e integridad ósea en potros y adultos
  • Óptima calidad de los epitelios, tanto de la piel como del epitelio digestivo
  • Maximum iron availability for the synthesis of hemoglobin and myoglobin, which facilitates the transportation of oxygen and therefore the horse’s sports performance.
  • A good hoof development.
  • Good functioning of antioxidant systems.
  • Favors the operation of the animal’s immune system, especially in periods of stress (competition, transportation, hard work etc).

It is also a micro mineral, but cannot be chelated, so it is obtained in the form of selenium methionine from a yeast. This way is far more bioavailable than in inorganic form (sodium selenite) and the body can accumulate it, creating reserves which are not achieved with the inorganic form. The selenium forms a crucial part of the horse’s antioxidant system and given the fact that during the horse’s exercise a very important oxidative metabolism is developed, therefore it is essential that this mineral is available in adequate quantities.

Advantages:

  • Optimal antioxidant system.
  • Favorece la integridad muscular y la recuperación tras los esfuerzos
  • Optimizes the operation of the immune and reproductive systems.

Alltechs includes a package of high bioavailable stabilized vitamins in Canterwalk products.

Vitamin A

It helps to maintain epithelial cells functionality and structure. It is necessary for a good vision, for normal bone development and it is involved in the immune system and reproductive function.

Vitamin D

Horses are able to synthesize this vitamin when exposed to sunlight. It is involved in the growth, development and maintenance of bones structure.

Vitamin E

It is able to avoid muscle damage after an effort. It is a powerful antioxidant and it also helps maintain the immune system in an optimal condition.

Vitamin K

It takes part in blood clotting.

Group B vitamins

High levels of vitamins are related to horse’s energy metabolism (vitamin B12, pyridoxine B6, biotin, niacin, thiamine B1, riboflavin B2).

Biotin also participates in collagen synthesis, which is a fundamental component of the horse’s hoof and hair.

They also mean an important supplementary supply of folic and pantothenic acids for an optimal function of the immune system and for cell recovery and regeneration.

Vitamin C

It principally acts as an antioxidant. Normally animals can synthesize it themselves, but this synthesis can be insufficient in horses either subjected to intense work or stressed, so it is interesting to supplement it. It favors muscle integrity and proper functioning of immune system.